Brachytherapy for Prostate Cancer
Brachytherapy has been a treatment modality for prostate cancer since the 1990’s. The technique matured over the next ten years to reach a pinnacle of excellence in the mid 2000’2 with real time dynamic feedback treatment that allowed the most accurate treatment of the gland without collateral damage to surrounding organs.
Bladder cancer treatment has been stagnant for the last twenty years. One of the standard forms of bladder cancer therapy is to instil either a drug called BCG or a chemotherapeutic agent called Mitomycin into the bladder after a tumour has been removed surgically from the bladder.
Prostate Arterial Embolisation
In simple terms this therapy which is starting to mature around the globe causes the prostate gland to shrink by obstructing the blood flow to the prostate gland. The shrinkage of the gland results in improved voiding symptoms.
Sacral Neuromodulation is a therapy to control abnormally functioning bladder and bowels. It is also used for various forms of pelvic pain. A stimulator is implanted in the patient which sends electrical signals to the sacral nerves. The sacral nerves supply and receive input from the bladder, bowel and pain receptors of the pelvis.